Bruise

Bruises, also known as a contusions or ecchymosis, can last for about a few days as the body generally has a way of fixing it. Although not as serious as most types of injuries or emergencies, an untreated bruise can be home to infection and bacteria. So take care of patching up those bruises when you do get them.

Signs of Bruising

  • Swelling, redness, then discoloration (black and blue)
  • Pain, feels tender to touch
  • Slight strain to the area
  • Impairment of function of the body part (like in the case of Black Eyes, your visual may blur)

First Aid for Bruises

1. Limit the damage
Limit the bleeding that is happening beneath the skin by cooling the area with a cold compress. You can soak a piece of cloth in cold water, or use an ice pack.

2. Elevate
It’s just so the bruise doesn’t worsen, it is advised that when resting, to elevate the leg or arm.

3. See a doctor
In some cases, bruises will actually disappear in two weeks, fading from the blue or purplish colour to yellowish as it once more absorbs and circulates blood. But in some instances when the bruise is to the chest or abdomen, it is best to see a medical professional as this may constitute an even bigger injury perhaps in other internal organs.

Warning: In some case, if you or a loved one is prone to bruising a lot, if you suddenly bruise for no apparent reason, or if your bruises don’t heal as quickly as it normally should, it could more likely be a symptom of some underlying condition like an illness, problems with blood clotting, disease or a nutrient deficiency. Remember it’s normal to bruise from time to time, but an excess will need referring to a medical professional.

Related Links

http://kidshealth.org/teen/your_body/skin_stuff/bruises.html
http://www.emedicinehealth.com/bruises/article_em.htm
http://www.nhs.uk/chq/Pages/1057.aspx?CategoryID=72

 

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